A migraine can feel debilitating, as the intense headaches can impact your focus, increase light and sound sensitivity, and make you nauseous. The pain often strikes on one side of the head, but it is possible to feel moderate or severe throbbing on both sides, and it may even affect your neck. Also, the more you move, the worse you might feel.

The good news is there are many treatment options to ease these unwanted symptoms and make you feel more like yourself. Learn about the five ways to relieve a migraine.

  1. Rest in a Dark, Quiet Room

It is wise to lay down in a dark room when a migraine occurs. It may even help to go to sleep, as the painful headaches are often caused by sleep deprivation. Switch off all the lights, close the curtains, relax in bed, and close your eyes to alleviate the pain. Also, pick the quietest room in the home to avoid loud noises that can exacerbate a migraine.

  1. Take a Painkiller

An over-the-counter painkiller could eliminate a painful migraine, and they are best taken as soon as symptoms strike. If you take paracetamol or ibuprofen too late, they might fail to ease your pain.

Soluble painkillers are a more effective alternative to capsules and tablets, as the body quickly absorbs them. However, you must always read and follow instructions on the painkiller packaging and ensure you follow the correct dosage recommendation.

  1. Drink a Cup of Coffee

A cup of coffee can serve as an effective antidote for a migraine. A small amount of caffeine can alleviate a migraine headache early while supporting the effect of over-the-counter prescription medication. Caffeine is a powerful solution for migraine pain, which is why some over-the-counter painkillers include it.

However, you must avoid drinking too much caffeine, as excess consumption may cause a withdrawal headache. Also, drinking caffeine for more than three days each week can result in dependency, which may cause frequent migraines and headaches.

  1. Schedule a Same-Day GP Appointment

If the above treatments fail, you must book an appointment with a doctor, as they could prescribe prescription painkillers or anti-sickness medication. As you might not want to wait many days for an appointment or sit in a waiting room when experiencing a migraine, you should turn to an online GP service for a same-day phone or video appointment with a doctor or clinician. It will allow you to receive a diagnosis and treatment for your migraine as soon as possible.

  1. Monitor Your Diet

Your diet might be the cause of a migraine. Prevent the painful headaches from developing by eating meals at the same time each day. Also, avoid skipping meals, as it will increase your likelihood of a migraine.

It may help to complete a daily food journal to identify potential food triggers, such as:

  • Chocolate
  • Red wine
  • Citrus fruits
  • Aged cheeses
  • Yeast
  • Foods with MSG
  • Artificial sweeteners
  • Cured meats

If you suspect a specific food is to blame for frequent migraines, cut it from your diet to see if it makes a difference.

Family life can be difficult for a variety of reasons, sometimes simply because there is so much going on, and it can often be chaotic. Then, if you are looking to improve your family life and make it more like you always imagined, here are a few top tips that you can follow. 

1.   Redecorate Your Home 

As a family, you will usually spend the majority of your time as a family at home, and this is where many of your memories will be made together. Then, instead of ignoring what your home looks like and how cozy it is, you should consider redecorating it to look more like the family home that you have always wanted. 

For instance, you should consider installing plenty of seating for all of your family to enjoy and get comfortable in, and you might consider investing in a kitchen island where you can cook together and communal dinners. 

If your house often feels cramped, you should also consider adapting your outdoor space to create an extra living area that you can enjoy in both winter and summer. You can do this by installing lighting, an outdoor heating, and a barbecue and outdoor kitchen area. 

2.   Foster a Child 

If you are unable to have more children or if you simply want to grow your family in a different way and give your home to someone who needs it, you should consider fostering a child or teenager. 

Fostering a young person can improve your family life by allowing you to bring new energy, ideas and life into your home, and it can be incredibly rewarding to make memories with another young person. Then, to find a foster child who can complete your family for a short or long time, you should consider looking for organizations that offer Fostering in Leeds and beyond. 

3.   Spend Time Outside

As a family, you can also improve your life together by spending more time outside together, as this can help you to make perfect memories while also ensuring that everyone gets enough exercise and vitamin D. 

Not only this, but spending time outside can improve your mental health and can put the whole of your family in a better mood every day. Then, whether you go for a bike ride or play tennis outside, taking your family outside should not be a special occasion. 

4.   Stop Trying to Make Everything Perfect

Often, you can create a lot of stress for yourself by trying to make every aspect of your family life perfect and by worrying about your family and their lives. Then, rather than trying to fix everything and trying to make every day perfect, you should instead simply accept imperfection and love your family and the days that you spend together for what and who they are. 

You should also try to put less pressure on your kids, and focus on creating meaningful and deep bonds with them instead, as this can ensure that your children can grow up feeling safe and supported. 

Most of us decorate our homes for Christmas. Some even add decorations to celebrate Halloween. We relish the idea of adding autumnal colours and textures in early fall. But we don’t always do the same for spring.

Springtime is a fantastic part of the year. The nights are getting later, the temperatures warmer, and the sun is starting to shine. We’re keen to spend more time outdoors, and perhaps neglect our homes because we’re keen to get out of them, and because springtime is full of joy, we feel less need to comfort ourselves with different home décor choices and festive additions.

But creating a spring vibe at home can help you to make the most of the season, enjoying it to the max, and immersing yourself in everything that it has to offer. Here are some great ways to do it.

Start with a Spring Clean

Your home will never be light and airy if it’s messy, cluttered, and perhaps a little unloved. It’s common for clutter to build in a busy household, and if we’re honest most of us clean the same areas week to week, doing the same household chores and neglecting other jobs.

To improve the atmosphere of your home for spring, start with a big declutter. Work room to room, getting rid of things that you don’t need or that don’t bring you joy. Make sure to donate, sell, or recycle what you can. Then, start working through some deep cleaning jobs, or if you can afford to, hire a cleaning service for a one-off deep clean.

Treat Yourself to Fresh Flowers

Fresh flowers are the perfect way to add a springtime vibe to your home. Flowers from Eflorist.co.uk bring in colour, make us smile and cheer up the atmosphere. Order flowers from Eflorist.co.uk for same-day flowers in a wide range of colours and styles.

Add a Fresh Coat of Paint

The simple act of adding a fresh coat of paint, even if it’s the same colour, can brighten up a room massively. Our walls become dirty over time, especially the ones that are a lighter colour, or a shade of white. A quick coat of paint is one of the most effective ways to freshen a home.

Switch to Light Bedding

Thick bedding in plaid patterns is great for winter when you want to feel warm and cosy. But it’ll be stifling in the summer. Switch to a lighter duvet, and lighter materials like satin or cotton, and opt for block colours or ditsy patterns instead of anything heavy.

Find Botanical Prints

Botanical prints are a great way to welcome springtime in. Find prints, or even cut pictures out of magazines to make your own and hang them in light frames for a quick boost to your décor.

Let in More Light

In spring we should make the most of the extra light as much as possible. Make sure your windows are clean, tie back curtains, and move anything heavy or large away from frames and sills to maximise the natural light that you enjoy.

If you love spring, make the most of it. Make sure your home is bright, clean, airy, and filled with springtime colours and fragrances.

When we see the homes around us, we cannot help but think about how they started life. In most cases, they will have begun as a drawing or idea on a piece of paper. The term architect does, after all, date back to the mid 16thcentury. It derives from the French architecte, the Italian architetto, and originates from the Greek arkhitektn. This history means that architects, in some form, have been around as long as most of the buildings that we see.

It is interesting to think about how modern residential architecture has changed. In this article, we will consider just what is possible to have built as your dream home, that is then turned into a pleasing reality.

The Aesthetics of a Home

The kinds of things that make a home appealing will include how it looks to others. Curb appeal will be achieved, for example, by an interesting roof shape. A sloped roof can be very appealing to many, not to mention how protective it is from the weather. Unlike a flat roof, a sloped roof will deflect rainwater, rather than allow it to collect and so potentially leak in.

A grand front door can be the way to our hearts, as much as it is into our new home. Also, our garage, because it can be attached to our home, will say just as much about us as the exterior of our home will.

Drawings produced by creative architects can depict the kind of home that we once dreamed of and show how it is possible to be built. They will include everything from the outside drawings, that above-all need to look appealing, to the inside of a house that incorporates our space-saving built-in elements. We can, with the help of our architect, design the kitchen we have always wanted. That is, one with an island in the middle and plenty of space for food preparation as well as dining.


How much glass we propose for our home will have a significant impact on our view. Windows will typically be shown on an architectural plan as three parallel lines. When looking at windows and doors, you will need to refer to the elevations of a particular wall because a plan will not indicate the height or type of every window or door.

Knowing just where windows are placed will allow the housebuilder to think just where a larger window could enhance a view. A plan allows you to stand back and think just how special you could make a home from it. A home that looks out towards an ocean or mountain range will benefit greatly from extra consideration being given to window locations, as much as their size. In the first instance, an architectural plan will position a window to be in line with a nice view, and also ensure there are enough of them to provide the necessary amount of natural light around a home.

Roof Plan

A scaled diagram or drawing of residential property will include a roof plan. This will contain roof dimensions and detail the design of a roof. This will be in terms of its shape and size. 

The gable roof is considered a classic design and consists of two parts that will slope in opposite directions. The more slopes you go for, the nicer your roof will look, and the greater the storm protection you will have.

Roofs can be made from different materials to last longer. Natural slate will, for instance, last longer than 100 years when well maintained, so it will be there for the next generation. It will certainly become a selling point should you decide to sell your home. Not that you will anytime soon after you have decided to build your perfect home from scratch, with the help of an architect to draw up the plans for you to make it as special as you imagined it.

We rely on an architect to make our home look as we want it, so that our special plans become reality. We want the best indication as to what it will look like, as much as authorities want to know just what we are planning. They will be thinking about planning regulations and our home fitting into the environment. An architectural plan is a way to know if we are all of the same thinking. We do want permission to be granted, but also require a home that will stand out so that it is special. That is the point of building a new one and not just settling for one already built. Our architect can help us to satisfy everyone during and after this process.

There is a tremendous emphasis on scaling up in modern business, as if the whole definition of success in commerce is to scale up to infinity. In truth, it is a fool’s errand in most cases, because scaling is only a by-product of success, not the target. 

In the same way that every individual’s idea of success is different, every business’s goals should be, by their very definition, different. Not every entrepreneur is the next Steve Jobs, and nor is every start-up the next Apple. While every entrepreneur will have their own idea of what it means to ‘make it’ - whether it is buying a Lamborghini or changing the commercial landscape forever - businesses need to make a profit, pure and simple. 

Sometimes, this involves scaling up, and sometimes it means the opposite. It is therefore crucial that you understand the difference, and whether scaling up is the right path for your company:

Assess whether you could actually meet additional demand

Although using ‘scale up’ as a catch-all business strategy sounds smart, it is actually incredibly vague. When working out whether your company should scale up or not, it is best to assess the details first. 

One such detail is whether your customer base is actually large enough to accommodate your expansion, or whether your supply will outstretch demand instead. Few markets are bottomless, so eventually you will run out of potential customers. It is wise to accurately estimate how many customers you are hoping to land over a certain time period, and scale to match. 

This will involve doing detailed market research, competitor analysis and an assessment of the efficiency of your supply line.

Of course, you could face the opposite issue. If you undertake a huge marketing campaign, attracting lots of customers in the process, you may find yourself overwhelmed with orders and end up unable to meet demand. In this case, it is best to keep improving the efficiency of your production line, through investing in a conveyor system, such as those from fluentconveyors.com, for example. 

There are many additional ways you can make more money 

Another reason it is wise to assess all your options before scaling up is that there are plenty of other ways you can generate additional profit other than growing your team and infrastructure. 

For example, you could increase your profits by offering new products at little additional cost. If you make a certain product and there is demand for similar variants then it won’t cost you much to meet that demand. In fact, given that you would have invested in the existing molds, machinery and work processes, it would make a lot of financial sense to make as many similar products as possible, in order to maximize the investment. 

Scaling up means more risk without the guarantee of more reward

Another consideration to make is that scaling up involves a great deal of risk and leverage, without any guarantee of a greater reward. 

While investing in additional capital like real estate, production machinery and staff members sounds smart on paper, you may not actually need them. By investing in these avenues, you risk tying up money you could have better spent elsewhere - such as making sure your existing business model is working well enough, and saving enough for a rainy day. 

Although the festive season might feel like a long way off, if you want to get away with your family over Christmas, you need to plan. These types of holidays are always popular, especially for those who might not enjoy the idyllic festive backdrop of snow-covered mountains or rolling hills. It’s easy to see why, as being in the heart of somewhere that encapsulates a wintery, festive wonderland will certainly help to get you into the Christmas spirit and will be a fun experience all the family can enjoy. If this sounds like something you’d love to do with your nearest and dearest this year, here are a few tips to help you start planning for it:

Work Out Your Budget and Start Saving

The first thing you need to do is decide how much you can afford to spend on a winter holiday like this. Getting away over the Christmas season can be expensive because it is such a popular time for people to go on holiday, so be prepared for this. When you have figured out how much you can and are willing to spend on your winter wonderland escape, you should start putting money away for it as soon as possible. If you have a separate savings account that you use for things like family holidays, that’s great. If you don’t, you might want to consider opening one for this purpose, as it will help you to keep track of your money much easier.

Pick Your Destination

There are so many great destinations to choose from for this kind of holiday, but some of the best ones are in Europe. The Alps go through France, Switzerland, Austria, Italy, Liechtenstein, Germany, Monaco and Slovenia – any of these destinations would make excellent festive escapes, most of which provide the quintessential settings for this time of year. For a more cost-effective European destination, however, you might want to consider Bulgaria. This is a fantastic destination for skiing holidays but sometimes gets overlooked, which it certainly shouldn’t. Take a look at these ski chalets in Bansko to get an example of why this is such a brilliant winter holiday destination, and perhaps make this the number one destination on your list.

Find Deals on Flights

While flights are likely to be most costly during this time of year, that doesn’t mean you can’t still find great deals. It’s always worth looking at different deals for holiday flights, and there are various websites dedicated to this to make it easy for you. You might need to be flexible when it comes to times, as the cheapest flights tend to be late at night or in the early hours of the morning. This might not be ideal for families with young children, but take the time to scope out a few different options to get the best-priced flights that are suitable to your family’s needs.

Consider Weight Limitations on Baggage

When booking your flights, you should also factor in the weight limitations on the baggage with that particular airline. Even if your family is going away for just a few days, if you’re going to be away over Christmas, you’ll need to think about how much the gifts are going to add to your luggage. It might be worth paying the extra for your hold luggage rather than just taking carry-on baggage to accommodate these extra items, as well as any souvenirs that you might want to bring home with you as well. Always weigh your suitcases and other luggage before you leave to make sure you haven’t gone over the limit; otherwise, you might face additional charges.

Book Activities

While staying in a gorgeous chalet is all part of the charm, you’ll still need to find ways to keep everyone entertained during your stay. If you are going to a ski resort, then having some fun on the slopes is a must – but consider what other activities are available in the local area, too. Whether it’s visiting a traditional Christmas market, hiking along a trail, or something festive that is happening at the resort or the local town, it might be worth booking ahead so you don’t miss out.

Plan Ahead for Meals

Finally, if you are going away over Christmas, shops and restaurants are likely to be closed on the day itself. Some resorts offer catered chalets so your meals will be prepared for you, but if you are choosing a self-catering option, remember to get enough food in from the local shops before Christmas Eve. If you want to book a meal out at a restaurant, book well in advance to make sure you get a table, as locals and tourists alike will probably plan to go out with their families and friends in the run-up to the festivities too.

If you think your family would enjoy a fun winter wonderland escape this year, use the tips above to help you plan the perfect trip.


Remote work is becoming the norm and more employees are working from home than ever before. There has also been a huge increase in the number of freelancers in the UK. Remote working offers several advantages including flexible schedules, lower overhead costs, and higher productivity.

That said, remote workers face unique challenges such as loneliness and issues with time management. Many of these obstacles can be overcome with simple changes to your work habits and routines. Here are five tips for remote working success:

1. Create a home workspace

Most remote workers choose to complete their work tasks from home as it offers the greatest flexibility. Working from home has its perks, but you must create a productive home workspace and set clear boundaries between your work and family life.

If you’re lucky enough to have a spare bedroom or an unused shed, then this could make the ideal home space. Finding a designated work area can be more difficult if your house is small, but you should be able to find somewhere suitable with a bit of organisation and creativity.

According to edithomeanddesign.co.uk, you should start by de-cluttering and giving your house a good clear out. This will allow you to see what space could be utilised for your new home office. The office equipment you need will depend on your job role and requirements. Most remote workers need a quality desk, a chair, stationary, and tech like a laptop or PC monitor as a minimum.

2. Invest in reliable tech

If you are planning on working from home long-term, then you will need to invest in reliable tech like high-speed Wi-Fi. The last thing you want is to have your connection dropping in and out during important video calls or a slow internet speed when you’re doing research online. Investing in fast, reliable Wi-Fi is one of the most important ways to ensure remote working success.

You might also decide to invest in tech like noise-cancelling headphones so you can work efficiently from anywhere. This is particularly important if you are planning on working in a co-working space or a local cafe, for example.

3. Join a co-working space

The 2020 State of Remote Work Report revealed that 20% of remote workers are struggling with feelings of loneliness. Working from home can lead to feelings of isolation and many people miss the social interaction and relationships with colleagues that you get when working in an office.

Joining a co-working space is a great way to overcome feelings of loneliness. You will be surrounded by other remote workers and join a supportive community. Going to a co-working space will also help you get into a productive work routine and keep your work and family life separate.

There are lots of reasons to choose a co-working space in a popular city location. For instance, an office space in Cardiff will give you access to a huge variety of restaurants, shops, bars, and other fun activities that will improve your remote working lifestyle.

4. Follow a regular work schedule

One of the perks of remote working is that you will have more flexibility and control over your work schedule. However, you should avoid getting into the habit of following an erratic schedule and working at random times of the day. The best approach to remote working is to follow a regular schedule.

You may decide to start working early in the morning so that you can finish before you pick the kids up from school, or you might find that you work more productivity in the evenings. Think carefully about your preferred working style and make your work schedule work for your family and lifestyle.

5. Know when to log off

Learning to “log off” from work at the end of the day is one of the biggest challenges that remote workers face, especially for those that choose to work from home. It is easy for your work and family life to become blurred and you need to establish strict boundaries. Avoid reading work emails or responding to messages once you have logged off for the day and remember to schedule downtime for self-care.


Remote working gives you the freedom to enjoy a flexible work schedule and maintain a healthy work-life balance. Despite the perks, many remote workers struggle with issues like loneliness or finding the motivation to complete tasks productively from home. These tips will help you stay focused and work successfully from anywhere.

One of the hardiest floors that you will want to provide around your home or work premises is a garage floor. This is because it must withstand many activities, temperatures, and chemicals spilling on it. A solution might be to choose a floor that withstands most things in the first place or to consider a floor finisher such as epoxy floor coatings for garage surfaces.

Epoxy as a Floor Coating

Epoxy can be used to protect many surfaces of flooring including concrete, brick, wood, ceramics, and metal. There are some plastics that epoxy will bond with as well. They are generally ones affected by acetone. Epoxy will also bond well with cured polyester fibreglass.

By applying heat, the cure time for epoxy can be speeded up. It is quick and easy to apply and so will not see your activities disrupted for too long. This is particularly important for a business situation when the lost time will mean lost money. It is, though, well worth the time and money spent to apply this kind of surface.

Epoxy has two main advantages. It creates a hard-wearing surface that is durable enough to withstand continuous and heavy traffic, and it has a shiny-gloss look to it that will brighten up any interior. For a garage situation, the first option will be just what you are looking to achieve.

From a protection point of view, epoxy can withstand a lot of contacts and is both chemical-proof and fire-resistant. It is worth checking with suppliers just what epoxy will protect the surface of your floor from. It is an investment in the fact that it will mean that your existing or new floor will last longer.

Heavy-Duty Interlocking Tiles

Some people with garages will opt for heavy-duty interlocking tiles. They are easy to install and maintain and built to last. They come in a choice of colours and have some chemical resistance. They provide a solution where you wish to go to the trouble of installing a completely new floor. Epoxy, however, has the advantage of being able to tackle the solution of protecting your existing floor without the need to install a new one. So, everything has its purpose. It depends whether you want to go to the expense of a completely new floor or not when you are perfectly happy with your old one or the one you planned to install, just wanted some means of looking after and protecting it more.


If your garage does not see all that much action, you could go for vinyl flooring. In a commercial situation, though, you would need something more hard-wearing such as an epoxy coating over your surface, which is more likely to be something like concrete in the first instance.

Carpet Tiles

There is nothing to say that you cannot use carpet tiles. As in an office, if you spill a drink on one tile, you can replace just that tile. In a garage, if you spilled oil on one or two of the tiles, you could replace just those tiles and not have the expense of replacing the whole carpet. Carpet would, however, seem more appropriate in a showroom where they finalise selling a car, than inside the garage itself. At home, maybe it is best reserved for the living room, too.

Considering all the options, there are many materials that we could have our garage floor made from, whether it is for our home garage or a work premises that will see a lot more use. Whatever material we decide on as a basis for our floor, there is always the option of protecting it further. A popular coating that is applied these days is epoxy because it is extremely protective when it comes to commercial flooring and any flooring that must withstand working on.

When it comes to our kitchen, we all want the best kitchen cabinets that we can find. Our search should lead us to ones that are pleasing to look at, well made, and functional. It is, after all, the room in the house where we most need to save space, as it is where many of our appliances and gadgets reside.

We shall consider below the main reasons why kitchen cabinets are bought, replaced, and improved upon.

Save Space

The number one reason why we have cabinets in our kitchen will be for storage. By fitting them closely together, less space is wasted. They will also be placed in convenient places so that we can access the cooking utensils and foodstuffs that we need. To accommodate enough cabinets, they will often be above as opposed to below or to the side. 

The strategic way that shelving is placed within a kitchen cabinet and the use of hooks can make effective use of their storage space. You will be able to have different-sized cabinets depending on the size of the items that you want to store. For instance, the cabinet will need to be able to accommodate the height of a cereal packet if you want those to hand in your kitchen ready for breakfast. It is the meal that we all tend to eat in a rush, so as not to be late starting work.

For items that do not need to be stored out of sight or kept so clean, you can use tops and windowsills, and pelmets. It is only really, though, the aesthetic pleasers or gadgets such as juicers that should be on show. For example, antique copper jelly moulds make a nice aesthetic pleaser. For safety’s sake, it is also a good idea to keep knives inside the drawers. It always makes me cringe seeing them in a rack on a work surface. With the drawers of kitchen cabinets, they can be hidden away from curious role-playing children.


When we are cooking, we want everything to hand. All the utensils that we need should be gathered in one area so that we do not waste time looking for them. It can rather take the fun away from cooking if we have to hunt around too much for them. 

In terms of their positioning, you will normally find that the knobs on the high kitchen cabinets are placed on the opposite side of the hinges and between 2.5 and 3 inches from the bottom corner of the door. With base cabinets, the knobs will be the same distance from the upper corner. Where drawers are 24 inches, very often a second knob will be fitted. You do not have to worry about any of this, though, because when you order kitchen cabinets, they can come with the knobs that you select as your preferred choice. They do add a nice finishing touch to kitchen cabinets. They need to be as practical as they are pleasing to look at because they will be used frequently to open the cupboards. Particularly with the high cabinets, you will want them to be easy to open and not have to struggle with their catch.


It is hygienic to house inside a cupboard the utensils that are going to be preparing food so that they are stored away from dust and germs.

When cleaning out cupboards, vinegar makes a good natural cleaner that you can use. If you mix a 50/50 solution of warm water and vinegar, you can pour it into a spray bottle to use. You can then mist it onto cabinets, let it settle for a minute, and then wipe away the grease that has accumulated over time with just a soft cloth.

We could include the aesthetic appearance of kitchen cabinets here, too, but that would not be the reason why we had them in the first place. They are needed for storage. Just to say something about it, though, they do add appeal to a kitchen when natural woods and superior grain looks are used. There is nothing like a matching set of handles to show that your kitchen means business and has been decorated to a high standard. Also, there are add-ons you can buy to enhance your kitchen cabinets.

To sum up, kitchen cabinets will provide us storage places, make sure items are always to hand, and be a hygienic way of accommodating many of the items that are housed in our kitchen.

There may be a whole lot of tasks you have to do for your small business, and bookkeeping is definitely one of the most important ones. Bookkeeping isn't familiar to everyone, however, and you may be unsure of how to tackle it properly. Initially, you can act as the bookkeeper for your business whilst it is still in its starting phase, but as it grows, you may want to delegate this task to someone else. But it still pays to learn as much as you can about how to do it right, just so you will always be aware of your business's financial standing. So what are the most important pointers you should remember when doing bookkeeping for your small business? Here's your guide.

Know the difference

Accounting and bookkeeping are two terms that are often interchanged, and understandably so. But there is a difference between the two. Bookkeeping, in essence, is the recording as well as reporting of your financial transactions and information, whilst accounting is the analysis of your financial transactions and information and the creation of a financial system or strategy. Accounting helps you make decisions based on your position financially, whilst bookkeeping is more of the recording and collation of your financial details. 

Know what’s involved 

Bookkeeping is the overall management of your finances from day to day, and it includes such aspects as paying your bills, chasing client payments, calculating and paying the right amount of taxes, claiming taxes for your business expenses, and managing your business’ payroll so you can pay your workforce and HMRC properly. 

You can keep track of all your payments with three kinds of financial records – your cashbook, sales invoice, and purchase invoice. The cashbook will record all your business's cash flow, which includes everything that moves in or out of your accounts. The sales invoice is a record of what you have sold (including your paid and unpaid invoices). The purchase invoice, on the other hand, is a record of what you have bought as well as how you paid for it. 

Keep in mind that these are only the most basic; you will probably have more as your business expands, as experienced GSM Accountants in central London will attest. 

Points to remember:

  • Keep a record of each bill or payment. Record all payment transactions in your books and note when you made them and when they were received. 
  • Be mindful of deadlines. It will not do to settle payments late, especially when it comes to HMRC, because you can end up with penalties. If you are sending out invoices, give deadlines to your clients for the more effective chasing of payments. Note down those who pay late and think about cancelling their contract if they are serial late-payers. This is termed credit control, and your aim with this is to ensure a healthy cash flow for your business.
  • Keep proper track of your expenses. As mentioned, this is an obvious bookkeeping task, but in line with this, you can claim your taxes back from your expenses so you can decrease your overheads. Make sure you keep your receipts and organise them so it will be easier to present them to HMRC when you claim your taxes. 

Image attributed to Pixabay.com